Welder

Welder

What is a Welder?

Welders join or sever metals in beams, girders, vessels, piping and other metal components, make metal parts used in construction and manufacturing plants, and weld parts, tools, machines and equipment.

Welding involves applying heat to metal pieces to melt and fuse them together. In electric arc welding, heat is created as an electric current flows through an arc between the tip of the welding electrode and the metal. In gas welding, such as oxyacetylene welding, the flame from the combustion of burning gases melts the metal. In both arc and gas welding, filler materials are melted and added to fill the joint and make it stronger. In resistance welding, the metal piece itself is melted as current flows through it, and no filler is added.

Welders use different welding processes and fillers depending upon the type of metal, its size and shape, and requirements for finished product strength. For a typical welding project, they:

  • Develop patterns for projects or follow directions given in layouts, blueprints and work orders
  • Clean, and check for defects, shape component parts, and use a cutting torch
  • Weld parts together

Welders may also build up worn parts by welding layers of high-strength hard-metal alloys onto them.

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  • Alberta Bricklayers Union Local #1
    • Alberta Bricklayers Union Scholarship
  • Alberta Ironworkers Apprenticeship and Training Plan
    • Alberta Ironworkers Apprenticeship and Training Plan Scholarship
    • Alberta Ironworkers Apprenticeship and Training Plan - Top Ironworker Generalist Scholarship (3)
    • Alberta Ironworkers Apprenticeship and Training Plan - Top Ironworker Reinforcing Scholarship (1)
    • Alberta Ironworkers Apprenticeship and Training Plan - Top Ironworker Structural/Ornamental Scholarship (2)
  • Building Trades of Alberta
    • Building Trades of Alberta (2)
    • Al McCagherty Memorial Scholarship
    • Justin Slade Memorial Scholarship
    • UNITE HERE Local 47 Scholarship
    • Dennis Vaudrin Memorial Scholarship for Industrial Painters
    • Thomas Cronk Scholarship Concrete Finisher
    • Jack Starko Scholarship for Electricians
  • Building Trades of Alberta and Construction Labour Relations - An Alberta Association
    • Building Trades of Alberta and Construction Labour Relations- An Alberta Association Scholarship
    • Construction Labour Relations- An Alberta Association and Building Trades of Alberta Scholarship
  • Edmonton Pipe Trades United Association Local 488
    • Edmonton Pipe Trades Educational Trust Fund Local #488 Scholarship
  • Insulators' Training Trust Fund of Alberta Local 110
    • Insulators' Training Trust Fund of Alberta Scholarship
  • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local424/ Electrical Contractors Association of Alberta
    • Local 424/ ECAA Alberta Apprenticeship Scholarship
    • IBEW Local 424/ ECAA Alberta Apprenticeship Scholarship
  • Sheet Metal Workers International Asssocation Local 8
    • Sheet Metal Workers International Association Local #8 Scholarship (2)
  • United Association of Plumbers & Pipefitters Local #488
    • United Association of Plumbers & Pipefitters Local #488 Scholarship
    • United Assocaition of Plumbers & Pipefitters Local #488 Benefit Trust Fund Scholarship
  • United Association of Plumbers and Pipefitters Local #496/ Piping Industry Training School
    • U.A. Local #496/ Piping Industry Training School Scholarship
  • Building Trades of Alberta / Construction Labour Relations
    • Building Trades of Alberta/Construction Labour Relations - An Alberta Association RAP Scholarship
    • Construction Labour Relations- An Alberta Association/ Building Trades of Alberta RAP Scholarship
  • Alberta Ironworkers Local 720 and Local 725/ Ironworkers Apprenticeship and Training Plan of Alberta
    • Alberta Ironworkers Local 720 and Local 725/ Ironworkers Apprenticeship and Training Plan RAP Scholarship
  • Labourers Local 92
    • LiUNA! Local 92 Scholarships (5)
  • Teamsters Local 362
    • 2018 Teamsters Canada Scholarship
  • International Union of Bricklayers & Allied Craftsmen – Local 1
    • BAC Bates Scholarship

Skills & Abilities

To be successful in the trade, welders need:

  • Manual dexterity
  • Good vision (glasses are acceptable)
  • Eye-hand coordination
  • The ability to concentrate on detailed work
  • Patience

Experienced welders may advance to positions such as welding inspector, welding foreman or supervisor, or plant supervisor.

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Apprenticeship Training

The term of apprenticeship for a welder is 3 years (three 12-month periods) including a minimum of 1500 hours of on-the-job training and 8 weeks of technical training each year.

To learn the skills required of a welder in Alberta and be issued an Alberta Journeyman Certificate, the minimum requirements are, a pass mark in: English 10-2 and Math 10-3, or, all five Canadian General Educational Development (GED) tests, or, Entrance Exam.

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  • Best cost: Free to members

Next Steps

To find answers to your questions and learn more about a career as a Welder, contact

For a quick summary of a career as a welder, ask about the welder trade card.

Welder trade card
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